2017 Steve Campsall

sentence structure and function (1)

As well as giving a name to the type of a sentence, it can also be useful to label and discuss aspects of its grammatical structure and function. There are four basic sentence structures:

1. The declarative structure
This is the most commonly used kind of sentence.

(Confusingly, in speech and written dialogue, this grammatical structure can sometimes be used to make a question - can you work out how? It's to do with tone.):

e.g. ''You feel ill'; 'You feel ill?'

2. The interrogative structure
interrogative sentence uses a very different grammatical structure that requires the use of an auxiliary verb ('do' or 'can', for example) before the subject.

3. The imperative structure
imperative sentence has no obvious subject. It is used to give a command or order (the subject, although missing, is easily inferred as 'You' ):

e.g. 'Sit down!'

4. The exclamatory structure
An exclamatory sentence is a grammatical structure that uses a
wh- word to create an exclamation:

e.g. 'What a racket in here!'